October 7, 2019 − George Washington Bridge Bus Station Development Venture LLC (the “Debtors”) filed for Chapter 11 protection with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Southern District of New York, lead case number 19-13196. The Debtors, the developers of the George Washington Bridge Bus Station in New York, are represented by Michael D. Sirota of Cole Schotz P.C. Further board-authorized engagements include (i) Sills Cummis & Gross P.C. as special corporate counsel and (ii) Houlihan Lokey, Inc. as investment banker.
The Debtors’ lead petition notes between 50 and 100 creditors; estimated assets between $50.0mn and $100.0mn; and estimated liabilities between $100.0mn and $500.0mn. Documents filed with the Court list the Debtors’ three largest unsecured creditors as (i) Tutor Perini Building Corporation ($23.0mn contingent unliquidated disputed litigation claim), (ii) GSNMF Sub-CDE 12 LLC ($14.1mn loan) and (iii) GWB Leverage Lender, LLC ($9.0mn loan).
The Debtor, a Delaware limited liability company, was formed on March 16, 2006. The members of the Debtor are (i) GWB Development Partners, LLC, an entity controlled by Reston, Virginia-based property developer SJM Partners, Inc. and (ii) Marketplace GWB, LLC (“Marketplace GWB”), with ownership interests of 91% and 9%, respectively.
Events Leading to the Chapter 11 Filing
In a declaration in support of the Chapter 11 filing (the “Katz Declaration”), Bernard A. Katz, the Debtor’s Manager, detailed the events leading to the Debtor’s Chapter 11 filing. The details and implications of its lengthy dispute with Tutor Perini Building Corp. (“Tutor Perini”) are detailed below, but can be summarized as follows:
In 2013, the Debtor engaged Tutor Perini as a general contractor for the George Washington Bridge Bus Station project (the "Project"). The Debtor accuses Tutor Perini of delaying the project by 30 months and being responsible for significant cost overruns, additional interest expense, lost revenues, delay charges imposed by New York's Port Authority and $millions in expenses incurred in an arbitration proceeding that began in February 2015. Notwithstanding its protestations of Tutor Perini's responsibility for the whole mess, in June of 2019 an arbitration panel ruled against the Debtor and awarded Tutor Perini an order of attachment of $23.0mn, an order which was upheld by a federal court in July of 2019. In September 2019, the arbitration panel further ruled that certain funds improperly transferred by the Debtor to third parties had to be returned to the Debtor's operating account by November 1, 2019. One of those third parties to whom funds had been incorrectly transferred was the Debtor's senior secured lender (this lender not pleased to be asked to return them) which has now initiated a foreclosure action and required the Debtor's tenants to pay their rent into a lock box that it controls.
The Katz Declaration states: “At its inception, the Debtor anticipated the Project would cost $183 million and take one year to complete. The Debtor budgeted its costs and obtained financing for the Project with the expectation that Tutor Perini would meet the substantial completion dates set forth in the Construction Contract. As set forth herein, Tutor Perini caused the Project to be delayed years beyond the original anticipated dates of substantial completion. As a result of thirty (30) months of delays by Tutor Perini, significant cost overruns existed on the Project. The Debtor incurred millions of dollars of unanticipated costs for interest on loans and additional project carrying costs, including approximately $1.7 million in delay charges that the Debtor was forced to pay the Port Authority for the failure to deliver the Project on time. Additionally, the Debtor paid over $11 million of interest during the delay period and millions of dollars of rent receipts were lost due to the delays. The Debtor also incurred more than $14 million of expenses while arbitrating its disputes with Tutor Perini…and the Debtor’s principals were forced to infuse an additional $5.5 million of new capital to Tutor Perini disputed the Debtor’s entitlement to withhold funds from the progress payments. In response to that dispute, on February 26, 2015, the Debtor commenced an arbitration by way of Arbitration Demand submitted to the American Arbitration Association (‘AAA’). The Arbitration Demand sought a declaration that (i) all claims for payment submitted by Tutor Perini were waived because they were not timely submitted or, alternatively, (ii) Tutor Perini’s claims for payment were not valid. On or about January 24, 2017, Tutor Perini filed an Answering Statement and Counterclaim against the Debtor asserting $130 million of damages.
Following a lengthy arbitrator-selection period, the Debtor and Tutor Perini selected an arbitration panel and commenced the arbitration process on August 22, 2018. As of the Petition Date, 67 days of evidentiary hearings had been conducted during which Tutor Perini put on its entire case-in-chief. The Debtor, however, has not yet presented its case. After Tutor Perini’s case-in-chief was complete, the Debtor’s construction counsel withdrew from representing the Debtor in the arbitration. Tutor Perini took advantage of the Debtor’s vulnerability and filed an application for a preliminary injunction and order of attachment. Despite repeated requests for an adjournment or stay to allow the Debtor time to secure replacement counsel, the arbitration panel held a hearing on Tutor Perini’s application. Ultimately, on June 4, 2019, the panel issued an Interim Order granting Tutor Perini’s request for an order of attachment in the amount of $23 million (the ‘Interim Attachment Order’) against any ‘EB5 funds, funds paid by the Port Authority and/or net lease payments in the possession of the [Debtor].’
On June 6, 2019, Tutor Perini filed a petition to confirm the Interim Attachment Order in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The Debtor, in turn, filed a cross-motion to vacate the Interim Attachment Order. On July 15, 2019, the District Court entered an order granting Tutor Perini’s petition to confirm the Interim Attachment Order and denying the Debtor’s cross-motion.
On July 22, 2019, the District Court entered a judgment to that effect in favor of Tutor Perini. Since then, Tutor Perini has (i) served the Debtor with a Subpoena Duces Tecum Ad Testificandum requiring the production of documents and an examination of the Debtor’s representative relating to its satisfaction of the Interim Attachment Order, (ii) filed a letter motion in the arbitration seeking a remedy for the Debtor’s failure to comply with the Interim Attachment Order, (iii) tried to intervene in the pending foreclosure action (described below) and (iv) sought to amend its interim award to obtain an attachment on the Debtor’s leasehold interest with the Port Authority.
On September 24, 2019, the AAA held oral argument on the issue of whether the Interim Attachment Order can affect the rights of third parties such as the Senior Secured Lender that are not a part of the arbitration proceeding. On October 3, 2019, the AAA issued an Order, which held the following: (i) The Debtor willfully violated the Interim Attachment Order; (ii) The Debtor transferred funds subject to the Interim Attachment Order for the payment of personal expenses of one of its principals and for the payment of legal expenses; and (iii) The Debtor wrongfully transferred net rental income received to the Senior Secured Lender.
The AAA ordered all of the aforementioned transfers, among others, be returned to the Debtor’s operating account by November 1, 2019. The Debtor vehemently disagrees with the AAA’s ruling.
Due to Tutor Perini’s efforts to deprive the Debtor of its cash, the Debtor faces the possibility that it will be unable to pay critical Contractors (defined below) and trade vendors who ensure that the Retail Space is maintained in safe working condition. For example, if the Debtor is not able to pay its contract counterparties, those parties may cease providing fire prevention and protection services and elevator and escalator maintenance services. The cessation of such services could have a devastating impact on the Debtor and those individuals who work at, shop at, and/or pass through the Retail Space.
Aside from the Debtor’s inability to satisfy the Interim Attachment Order, the Debtor has also been unable to satisfy its debt service obligations to the Senior Secured Lender and defaulted on such obligations on April 10, 2019. Recognizing the cash shortfall realities of the Project, the Debtor and the Senior Secured Lender entered into negotiations for a consensual restructuring and forbearance. During the course of those negotiations, the Interim Attachment Order was entered.
Upon entry of the Interim Attachment Order, on July 19, 2019, the Senior Secured Lender commenced a foreclosure action against the Debtor in the Supreme Court of New York, County of New York. Additionally, given the Debtor’s default, the Debtor was obligated to and notified the current tenants of the Retail Space that all current and future rent payments were to be deposited into a lockbox, over which the Senior Secured Lender has control. A majority of the Debtor’s tenants now pay rents directly to the Senior Secured Lender.
As of the Petition Date, the Debtor is not in control or possession of any rent payments from its tenants and the Senior Secured Lender is properly in full control of all funds that emanate from the Project.
A public foreclosure sale is currently scheduled for October 17, 2019."
About the Debtor
The Debtor is responsible for the construction of both the retail and bus terminal components of a $183.2 million renovation and improvement of the George Washington Bridge Bus Station in New York City.
The George Washington Bridge Bus Station (the “Bus Station”), which originally opened on January 17, 1963, acts as a transit facility operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (the “Port Authority”). The Bus Station is located at the east end of the George Washington Bridge in the Washington Heights section of New York City. The Bus Station serves approximately 13,000 weekday passengers, mainly commuting between New York City and northern New Jersey.
On June 30, 2011, the Port Authority approved a $183.2mn renovation and improvement plan (the “Project”) for the Bus Station. The Project was structured as a public-private venture between the Port Authority, as owner of the Bus Station, and the Debtor, as developer. The Project included relocating the bus terminals to the third floor of the complex and creating a state-of-the-art ground transportation hub. A new 15,000 square foot bus terminal was built increasing the number of gates from 17 to 22 and 85,000 square feet of the existing bus station was reconfigured and upgraded. By relocating the bus station terminal to the third floor of the complex, a retail center of approximately 129,000 square feet was created.
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